MAIN RED GRAPE VARIETIES
Barbera - Fruity; firm acidity
- A prolifically grown Italian grape which does not require as much
ageing as other Italian reds. It is also found in use in
California and South America.
Cabernet Sauvignon - Rich;
dry; blackcurrant; - Probably the most well know red grape
variety, it is often blended with softer grape varieties such as
Merlot to produce some of the best wines available. Long-lasting
Cinsault - Spicy; warm; -
Grown in the same regions as the Carignan as well as in New Zealand
and South Africa (where it is also known as the Hermitage grape).
Often used for blends.
Dolcetto - Full; fruity; -
From Italy's Piedmont region.
Gamay - Fresh; cherry; high
acidity; - The grape of the Beaujolais, from south of Burgundy,
always best when drunk young.
Grenache - Grown widely in the
south of France, Spain and California. It is found in
Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Cotes du Rhone and Rioja.
Merlot - Soft; Plum; -
This grape variety is commonly blended with the Cabernet Sauvignon,
but is being used more and more on its own particularly in areas such
as New Zealand and Washington State.
Pinot Noir - Delicate
raspberry to chocolate; - A difficult variety to grow and only in
Burgundy does this grape really achieve the highest results. However,
its flavour qualities change with age, allowing it to be used in a
variety of methods such as Champagne; Rosés from the Sancerre region
as well as Germany and Switzerland; and it is being tried by the New
Sangiovese - Herbs; spice;
- A Tuscan grape, grown widely throughout Italy, with quality and
complexity, although rarely able to be aged.
Tempranillo - Soft; light;
- Found all over Spain it gives Rioja its character, and in Portugal
is occasionally used for port.
Zinfandel - From fruity to
spicy depending on age; - The grape of California, it has a wide
variety of uses from table wine to fine wine, white, rosé to
MAIN WHITE GRAPE VARIETIES
Chardonnay - Buttery; The king of white
grapes. Used all over the world, but probably to its best potential in the
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